Pentad quick find: 

Welcome to the Southern African Bird Atlas Project

The Second Southern African Bird Atlas Project (SABAP2) is the most important bird conservation project in the region. It holds this status because all other conservation initiatives depend on the results of the bird atlas, to a greater or lesser extent. You cannot determine the conservation status of a species unless you know its range and how this is changing. So red-listing depends on the results of this project. So does the selection of sites and habitats critical to bird conservation. SABAP2 is the follow-up project to the Southern African Bird Atlas Project (for which the acronym was SABAP, and which is now referred to as SABAP1). This first bird atlas project took place from 1987-1991. The second bird atlas project started on 1 July 2007 and plans to run indefinitely. The current project is a partnership between the Animal Demography Unit at the University of Cape Town, BirdLife South Africa and the South African National Biodiversity Institute (SANBI). The project aims to map the distribution and relative abundance of birds in southern Africa and the atlas area includes South AfricaLesotho and Swaziland. SABAP2 was launched in Namibia in May 2012.

The field work for this project is done by more than two thousand one hundred volunteers, known as citizen scientists - they are making a huge contribution to the conservation of birds and their habitats. The unit of data collection is the pentad, five minutes of latitude by five minutes of longitude, squares with sides of roughly 9 km. There are 17339 pentads in the original atlas area of South Africa, Lesotho and Swaziland, and a further 10600 in Namibia, 4900 in Zimbabawe and 6817 in Kenya.

At the end of November 2016, the SABAP2 database contained more than 172,000 checklists. The milestone of eight million records of bird distribution in the SABAP2 database was reached on 14 April 2016, less than eight months after reaching seven million on 22 August 2015, which in turn was 10 months after the six million record milestone. It had taken two days less than a year to get from five million to six million, the fastest million records ever up to then. So doing a million in just less than eight months is awesome. The nine million records mark will be reached around the end of 2016. More than 77% of the original SABAP2 atlas area (ie South Africa, Lesotho and Swaziland) has at least one checklist at this stage in the project's development. More than 34% of pentads have four or more lists.

The most pressing data collection needs are to get coverage as complete as possible, and to try to build a foundation of four checklists per pentad. On top of this foundation the skyscraper of checklists can be built. Ideally, we would like checklists representing every month of the year. We would also like to have lots of checklists for each pentad in every year.


Progress with 2016 atlasing in Hessequa by Johan Van Rooyen

After the Stilbaai Bird Club’s special push during the Autumn Attack, it is a good time to report on the progress with atlasing in Hessequa in 2016. We set three goals for 2016:
• Atlas each of the 77 pentads in Hessequa at least once
• Push the total cards for two quarter degree squares (3421AB and 3421AD) from dark green to light blue (7 to 11 cards)
• Get a better distribution of cards throughout the year by atlasing pentads in “empty” months only
The first picture shows the effect of the 118 cards submitted for 2016 up to 7 May. About 40 of these were done by visitors, mainly in the tourist and popular birding areas of Stilbaai/Jongensfontein, Gouritsmond/Voelvlei, Witsand/Port Beaufort and Grootvadersbos. Members of the Stilbaai Bird Club had the pleasure of covering the rest of the area and becoming even more familiar with the wonderful diversity that Hessequa has to offer.
The difference between the second picture (situation on 1 January 2016) and the third picture (situation on 7 May) is an indication of our progress in terms of turning the two quarter degree squares light blue.
Our Autumn Attack was concluded with a talk on the identification of local raptors attended by 24 members, followed by a very enjoyable braai.

Sensational September for SABAP2

The primary information need in deciding conservation priorities is up-to-date distribution maps. That is the primary goal of the Second Southern African Bird Atlas Project (SABAP2). Gosh, Team SABAP2, there is no holding you back in contributing the crucial data on which these maps are built. September broke all the data collection records. The daily submission rate of full protocol checklists was 77.3 (the previous record was in August, with 72.1). The number of checklists submitted in September was 2320 (compared with August, 2236; and remember that September is handicapped by being a day short!! This year it was further handicapped by awful weather over much of the country during the first weekend of the month!!!).

Four Degrees Blue 1 Oct 2015In the “Four Degrees” region centred on Gauteng, coverage reached 85% of the 576 pentads. The number of pentads visited increased by 17, from 473 to 490. That leaves 86 pentads left to be visited in the remaining three months of the year. Some targeted atlasing is going to be needed to achieve this. Jerome Ainsley is helping to lead the process. There is another challenge on the go in this region too, getting the entire Four Degrees to BLUE on the coverage map, that is 11 checklists per pentad since the start of the project. Today, 1 October, only 173 checklists are needed to achieve this. 52 pentads are on 10 checklists, and only need one more BirdMAPper visit to turn them BLUE.

October is the key month for the arrival of the migrants from Eurasia. Please try to atlas your favourite and most accessible pentad several times, so that we have good solid documentation of the arrival of the migrants this spring, and the pattern of build up. Please keep going on this till the end of the year!

If you are able to travel to atlas, please treat all pentads with 0, 1, 2 or 3 checklists as top priorities. The paradigm to which we are working is that four checklists form the foundation of coverage for a pentad. After that we build the skyscraper of coverage. During the course of September, we reached the point at which 30% of the pentads of South Africa, Lesotho and Swaziland had four or more checklists. We have a long, long way to go. Our mantra: “Make it GREEN in 20fifteen.”

Thank you, Team SABAP2

Pentads with highest single card total: April 2017
Pentad Date Observer Species

Latest cards submitted (in order of submission)
  Date Pentad Observers name Species
on card
(FP only)
f2017-04-222850_2955Maxted, Jenni4660
f2017-04-222850_3000Maxted, Jenni7080
a2017-04-222830_2945Maxted, Jenni114
a2017-04-232845_2950Maxted, Jenni14
f2017-04-091745_3105Ball, James94177
f2017-04-203245_1805du Plessis, Linda54518
a2017-04-182500_3145Galloway, Stuart544
a2017-04-182505_3155Galloway, Stuart8156
a2017-04-172520_3135Galloway, Stuart645
a2017-04-172515_3150Galloway, Stuart164
f2017-04-183245_1810du Plessis, Linda96600
f2017-04-172520_3130Galloway, Stuart1498
f2017-04-192440_3150Galloway, Stuart68
a2017-04-182510_3155Galloway, Stuart891
a2017-04-182510_3150Galloway, Stuart744
f2017-04-212455_3140Galloway, Stuart3106
f2017-04-172505_3150Galloway, Stuart44183
a2017-04-182500_3155Galloway, Stuart461
a2016-09-282125_3205Bain, Rachel207
a2016-09-282125_3210Bain, Rachel90
f2016-09-272120_3210Bain, Rachel442
f2017-02-102920_2620Colahan, Brian59
f2017-01-013220_2605Colahan, Brian815
f2017-02-092845_2605Colahan, Brian47132
f2017-01-272950_2525Colahan, Brian60
f2017-02-162755_2640Colahan, Brian6040
f2017-01-292955_2530Colahan, Brian366
f2017-02-082905_2625Colahan, Brian709
f2017-02-092835_2605Colahan, Brian5616
f2017-01-313005_2615Colahan, Brian472
f2017-02-082915_2635Colahan, Brian6020
f2017-02-162800_2640Colahan, Brian6730
f2017-02-092835_2615Colahan, Brian6615
f2017-02-132905_2545Colahan, Brian7131
f2017-01-283005_2500Colahan, Brian6110
f2017-01-303030_2515Colahan, Brian532
a2017-04-232930_3010Densham, Drummond10137
a2017-04-232930_3005Densham, Drummond735
f2016-09-262120_3235Bain, Rachel34
a2017-04-243315_2225Evans, Steven1823
a2017-04-243320_2230Evans, Steven1114
a2017-04-243325_2230Evans, Steven420
a2017-04-233330_2210Evans, Steven1842
f2017-04-193420_1910Burman, Lee4380
f2017-04-163415_1910Burman, Lee5090
a2017-04-232350_2940Pike , Andrew & Ruth110
a2017-04-232555_2800Pike , Andrew & Ruth5309
a2017-04-232400_2915Pike , Andrew & Ruth327
a2017-04-232350_2955Pike , Andrew & Ruth1213
a2017-04-243410_1935Shearer, Stuart211
Strategic Environmental Assessment

A "Strategic Environmental Assessment" (SEA) is being led by Professor Bob Scholes of the University of the Witwatersrand. The purpose of the SEA is to make informed decision about fracking, if the reserves of shale gas in the central Karoo prove viable. So the challenge to us, as citizen scientists, is to accumulate as much data as we can for all our ADU atlas projects, both for the birds and for all the groups of species in the Virtual Museum (see Data collected up to about the middle of next year will help influence decisions made about where fracking can take place, and about how it is done. The South African government has already taken the decision to go ahead. Other countries have simply gone ahead without doing a proper biodiversity baseline study. At least we have been given an opportunity to influence the where and the how.

For the bird atlas, the objective is going to be to get as much of this area to "foundational" coverage of four checklists per pentad. In other words, we don't only want to target the pentads which are not yet visited, we also want to target those with one, two or three pentads, and get them to a minimum of four checklists on the coverage map, and turn them GREEN. It is the SEA-GREEN challenge. But the more data we get for any pentad within this region the better; for those pentads for which we already havelots of checklists, we have a baseline against which to measure future change in species composition. This needs lots of checklists!

Study area data link
(Please note this is a large area, and as such will be slow to load)

Pentad with 0 cards 933 29.29%
Pentad with 1 or more cards 2252 70.71%
Pentad with 2 or more cards 1424 44.71%
Pentad with 3 or more cards 960 30.14%
Pentad with 4 or more cards 745 23.39%
Total cards submitted in SEA area 12646
GEM, Greening the Escarpment of Mpumlanga.
GEM is the follow-on project for BirdLife Lowveld at the conclusion of Turning Kruger Green. The GEM area contains 233 pentads. In the northwest corner is pentad 2450_3015 with 2700_3055 in the southeast corner. This is the Mpumalanga Escarpment. Many of these pentads contain Sappi forests. The challenge is to build up SABAP2 coverage so that every pentad has a minimum of four checklists, and hence the name: Greening the Escarpment of Mpumalanga, a GEM of a project..
For more detailed data, go to Challenge data
Pentad with 0 cards 2 0.86% 8 cards needed
Pentad with 1 card 49 21.03% 147 cards needed
Pentad with 2 cards 47 20.17% 94 cards needed
Pentad with 3 cards 34 14.59% 34 cards needed
Pentad with 4 or more cards 246 105.58% 0 cards needed
Total cards submitted 4301
Total cards needed 283
Greater Kruger National Park in 2017
Area East of 31°E and North of 26°S contains 446 pentads. The challenge for 2017 is to make 2000 checklists and submit 67 cards for 40 pentads.
For more detailed data, go to Challenge data
Pentad with 0 cards 279 69.75% 1116 cards needed
Pentad with 1 card 52 13.00% 156 cards needed
Pentad with 2 cards 28 7.00% 56 cards needed
Pentad with 3 cards 15 3.75% 15 cards needed
Pentad with 4 or more cards 72 18.00% 0 cards needed
Total cards submitted 742
Cards needed in the remaining 40 yellow and orange pentads to turn them green 1343
Total percentage submitted in 2017 37.10%
Gauteng 4DY and 3456 in 2017
Get all 576 pentads in the four degrees of 'Greater Gauteng' to YELLOW in 2017
Get 3456 checklists in total (average of 6 lists per pentad!)
Pentad with 0 cards 284 49.31%
Pentad with 1 or more cards 292 50.69%
Pentad with 2 or more cards 169 29.34%
Pentad with 3 or more cards 131 22.74%
Pentad with 4 or more cards 102 17.71%
Total cards submitted in 2017 2023
Total percentage submitted in 2017 58.54%
Western Cape challenge 2017
Get 700 pentads and 2500 cards in the Western Cape in 2017
Pentad with 1 or more cards 379 54.14%
Pentad with 2 or more cards 149 21.29%
Pentad with 3 or more cards 91 13.00%
Pentad with 4 or more cards 60 4.64%
Total cards submitted in 2017 1128
Percentage of target 45.12%
Free State challenge
Make the Free State Green!
Pentad with 1 or more cards 1851 99.46%
Pentad with 2 or more cards 1200 64.48%
Pentad with 3 or more cards 826 44.38%
Pentad with 4 or more cards 649 34.87%
Total cards submitted 12964
KwaZulu-Natal challenge
Make KwaZulu-Natal Green!
Pentad with 1 or more cards 1288 99.54%
Pentad with 2 or more cards 1143 88.33%
Pentad with 3 or more cards 935 72.26%
Pentad with 4 or more cards 830 64.14%
Total cards submitted 24566

Page served: 25 Apr 2017
design and systems by Michael Brooks
Animal Demography Unit
University of Cape Town