Pentad summary: 1750_3105 (QDGC: 1731CC)
Show pentad and surrounding pentads (3x3 grid)

Cards for this pentad/group
Full protocol 83
Adhoc protocol 14
Incidentals 35
Cards by month
  JFMAMJJASOND
C 151026932661194
S 169 170 92 120 135 91 94 119 126 178 163 163
Monthly card submissions.
  Start Date Name Spp
f2017-12-02Dalziel, David74
f2017-12-01Blake, Jean-Michel115
a2017-11-14Ball, James26
f2017-11-11Riddell, Ian Charles40
f2017-11-05Riddell, Ian Charles82
f2017-11-04Dalziel, David80
f2017-10-22Riddell, Ian Charles72
f2017-10-01Blake, Jean-Michel63
f2017-10-01Riddell, Ian Charles87
f2017-09-03Riddell, Ian Charles68
f2017-09-02Dalziel, David63
a2017-08-24Couto, Fernando12
a2017-08-11Ball, James2
f2017-08-05Dalziel, David79
f2017-07-09Riddell, Ian Charles64
a2017-06-13Ball, James1
f2017-06-04Riddell, Ian Charles60
f2017-05-07Riddell, Ian Charles57
f2017-05-01Riddell, Ian Charles45
f2017-04-02Riddell, Ian Charles76
f2017-04-02Pierini, Julia56
a2017-03-24Ball, James1
f2017-02-05Pierini, Julia63
a2017-02-05Blake, Jean-Michel40
f2017-01-29Wilson, Luke54
f2017-01-29Davis, Desiree33
f2017-01-26Riddell, Ian Charles72
f2017-01-21Riddell, Ian Charles63
f2017-01-20Blake, Jean-Michel43
f2017-01-12van Rensburg, Johan44
f2017-01-02Riddell, Ian Charles74
a2016-12-04Hind, Sean Peter30
f2016-12-04Blake, Jean-Michel53
f2016-11-27Riddell, Ian Charles72
f2016-11-06Riddell, Ian Charles69
f2016-09-25Snow, David31
a2016-08-21Blake, Jean-Michel35
f2016-08-13Ball, James36
a2016-07-31Ball, James22
f2016-05-15Riddell, Ian Charles40
f2016-04-03Riddell, Ian Charles70
f2016-03-13Riddell, Ian Charles64
f2016-02-19Vrey, Pieter Jakobus68
f2016-02-06Dalziel, David91
f2016-01-18Van der Westhuizen, Elsabe41
f2015-11-29Van der Westhuizen, Elsabe94
f2015-11-29Wilson, Luke71
f2015-10-21Ball, James85
f2015-10-10Ball, James70
f2015-09-04Riddell, Ian Charles51
f2015-08-26Riddell, Ian Charles60
f2015-08-02Riddell, Ian Charles62
f2015-05-29Riddell, Ian Charles52
f2015-05-09Ball, James55
f2015-05-03Riddell, Ian Charles71
f2015-04-05Riddell, Ian Charles72
f2015-03-08Riddell, Ian Charles83
f2015-02-09Riddell, Ian Charles72
f2015-02-01Riddell, Ian Charles95
f2015-02-01Wiggins, Debbie0
f2015-01-10Rockingham-Gill, David39
f2015-01-09du Plessis, Fanie79
a2015-01-05Marais, Etienne17
a2014-12-17van Staden, Thinus23
f2014-12-03RIDLEY, ALLAN92
f2014-10-28Riddell, Ian Charles62
f2014-08-27Riddell, Ian Charles64
f2014-08-03Riddell, Ian Charles59
f2014-05-10Riddell, Ian Charles98
f2014-05-04Riddell, Ian Charles55
f2014-04-06Riddell, Ian Charles59
f2014-02-02Riddell, Ian Charles90
f2014-01-05Pierini, Julia59
a2013-11-30Riddell, Ian Charles53
f2013-11-08Riddell, Ian Charles99
f2013-11-03Wiggins, Debbie57
f2013-10-09Riddell, Ian Charles106
f2013-10-06Hart, Nicholas99
a2013-10-05Riddell, Ian Charles77
f2013-10-01Spies, Leon55
f2013-09-21Riddell, Ian Charles78
f2013-09-01Wiggins, Debbie49
f2013-07-07Dalziel, David73
a2013-06-27Riddell, Ian Charles99
f2013-06-02Dibb, Tom26
f2013-06-02Pierini, Julia60
f2013-05-05Pierini, Julia63
f2013-04-07Riddell, Ian Charles80
f2013-02-15Dalziel, David56
f2013-01-27Wiggins, Debbie86
f2013-01-27Newmarch, Damian 88
f2013-01-27Bush, Jane89
f2013-01-03Riddell, Ian Charles102
f2012-10-07Riddell, Ian Charles105
f2012-10-04Riddell, Ian Charles127
f2012-02-10Clacey, Mike & Chibby62
f2012-02-10Marais, Etienne70

  Ref Species name Afrikaans Taxonomic name Full protocol Adhoc protocol Incidentals SABAP1
        Rep Rate (%) n Latest Rep Rate (%) n Latest Reports Latest  
1622Apalis, Bar-throatedBandkeelkleinjantjieApalis thoracica46.99392017-11-0421.4332013-11-3012015-01-09✔ 48.60
2533Babbler, Arrow-markedPylvlekkatlagterTurdoides jardineii72.29602017-12-0221.4332016-08-21  ✔ 56.07
3432Barbet, Acacia PiedBonthoutkapperTricholaema leucomelas        ✔ 0.93
4431Barbet, Black-collaredRooikophoutkapperLybius torquatus85.54712017-12-0242.8662017-11-1412015-01-09✔ 51.87
5439Barbet, CrestedKuifkophoutkapperTrachyphonus vaillantii93.98782017-12-0242.8662017-02-05  ✔ 72.90
6434Barbet, Whyte'sGeelbleshoutkapperStactolaema whytii62.65522017-12-0121.4332014-12-1712012-12-10✔ 24.77
7673Batis, ChinspotWitliesbosbontrokkieBatis molitor65.06542017-12-0221.4332013-11-30  ✔ 40.65
8404Bee-eater, EuropeanEuropese ByvreterMerops apiaster50.60422017-12-0221.4332017-11-14  ✔ 51.40
9410Bee-eater, LittleKleinbyvreterMerops pusillus72.29602017-12-0235.7152017-02-0512015-01-09✔ 29.44
10407Bee-eater, Southern CarmineRooiborsbyvreterMerops nubicoides        ✔ 0.93
11411Bee-eater, Swallow-tailedSwaelstertbyvreterMerops hirundineus9.6482017-08-057.1412013-06-27  ✔ 5.14
12808Bishop, Southern RedRooivinkEuplectes orix32.53272017-12-027.1412013-06-2712015-01-09✔ 40.65
13810Bishop, YellowKaapse FlapEuplectes capensis38.55322017-12-0114.2922017-02-05  ✔ 25.23
1466Bittern, DwarfDwergrietreierIxobrychus sturmii1.2012016-01-18     ✘ 0.00
1567Bittern, LittleKleinrietreier (Woudapie)Ixobrychus minutus3.6132017-02-05     ✔ 1.87
16977Boubou, TropicalTropiese WaterfiskaalLaniarius aethiopicus61.45512017-12-0235.7152017-02-0512012-12-10✔ 40.19
17546Brownbul, TerrestrialBoskrapperPhyllastrephus terrestris4.8242017-08-05     ✔ 0.47
18731Brubru, BrubruBontroklaksmanNilaus afer75.90632017-12-0221.4332013-11-30  ✔ 43.93
19545Bulbul, Dark-cappedSwartoogtiptolPycnonotus tricolor95.18792017-12-0264.2992017-11-14  ✔ 82.71
20875Bunting, Cabanis'sGeelstreepkoppieEmberiza cabanisi        ✔ 0.47
21873Bunting, CapeRooivlerkstreepkoppieEmberiza capensis        ✔ 0.47
22872Bunting, Cinnamon-breastedKlipstreepkoppieEmberiza tahapisi6.0252017-12-01     ✔ 10.75
23874Bunting, Golden-breastedRooirugstreepkoppieEmberiza flaviventris2.4122014-12-03     ✔ 21.03
24723Bush-shrike, Grey-headedSpookvoelMalaconotus blanchoti36.14302017-11-0514.2922016-08-21  ✔ 14.49
25719Bush-shrike, Orange-breastedOranjeborsboslaksmanTelophorus sulfureopectus44.58372017-12-0214.2922017-02-05  ✔ 14.95
26227Bustard, Black-belliedLangbeenkorhaanLissotis melanogaster        ✔ 6.54
274128Buttonquail, Black-rumpedSwartrugkwarteltjieTurnix nanus        ✔ 2.80
281346Buttonquail, HottentotKaapse KwarteltjieTurnix hottentottus        ✔ 2.80
29196Buttonquail, KurrichaneBosveldkwarteltjieTurnix sylvaticus        ✔ 0.47
30153Buzzard, AugurWitborsjakkalsvoelButeo augur        ✔ 0.47
31144Buzzard, LizardAkkedisvalkKaupifalco monogrammicus34.94292017-11-1114.2922017-02-05  ✔ 15.89
32154Buzzard, SteppeBruinjakkalsvoelButeo vulpinus25.30212017-12-01     ✔ 5.14
33627Camaroptera, Green-backedGroenrugkwekwevoelCamaroptera brachyura        ✔ 1.87
34628Camaroptera, Grey-backedGrysrugkwekwevoelCamaroptera brevicaudata9.6482017-12-01     ✔ 1.87
35860Canary, Black-throatedBergkanarieCrithagra atrogularis14.46122017-11-05     ✔ 22.90
36863Canary, BrimstoneDikbekkanarieCrithagra sulphuratus3.6132013-10-097.1412016-08-21  ✔ 21.50
37859Canary, Yellow-frontedGeeloogkanarieCrithagra mozambicus67.47562017-12-0128.5742017-02-05  ✔ 36.92
38538Chat, BoulderSwartberglysterPinarornis plumosus        ✔ 0.47
39647Cisticola, CroakingGroottinktinkieCisticola natalensis19.28162017-12-02     ✔ 7.01
40630Cisticola, DesertWoestynklopkloppieCisticola aridulus        ✔ 2.80
41648Cisticola, LazyLuitinktinkieCisticola aberrans        ✔ 8.88
42646Cisticola, Levaillant'sVleitinktinkieCisticola tinniens18.07152017-11-0421.4332014-12-17  ✔ 13.08
43635Cisticola, Pale-crownedBleekkopklopkloppieCisticola cinnamomeus        ✔ 2.80
44642Cisticola, RattlingBosveldtinktinkieCisticola chiniana36.14302017-12-0114.2922013-10-05  ✔ 12.62
45644Cisticola, Red-facedRooiwangtinktinkieCisticola erythrops84.34702017-12-0214.2922017-02-05  ✔ 17.29
46643Cisticola, SingingSingende TinktinkieCisticola cantans        ✔ 0.47
47641Cisticola, TinklingRooitinktinkieCisticola rufilatus        ✔ 0.47
48634Cisticola, Wing-snappingKleinste KlopkloppieCisticola ayresii        ✔ 1.40
49629Cisticola, ZittingLanderyklopkloppieCisticola juncidis7.2362017-12-017.1412013-06-27  ✔ 9.35
50573Cliff-chat, MockingDassievoelThamnolaea cinnamomeiventris        ✔ 13.55
51212Coot, Red-knobbedBleshoenderFulica cristata   7.1412014-12-17  ✔ 15.89
5250Cormorant, ReedRietduikerPhalacrocorax africanus36.14302017-12-0214.2922017-11-14  ✔ 36.45
5347Cormorant, White-breastedWitborsduikerPhalacrocorax carbo1.2012017-08-057.1412016-08-21  ✔ 14.02
54353Coucal, BlackSwartvleiloerieCentropus grillii7.2362016-02-06     ✔ 2.34
55355Coucal, SenegalSenegalvleiloerieCentropus senegalensis44.58372017-10-0121.4332016-12-04  ✔ 21.50
56280Courser, Bronze-wingedBronsvlerkdrawwertjieRhinoptilus chalcopterus        ✔ 1.40
57277Courser, Temminck'sTrekdrawwertjieCursorius temminckii        ✔ 1.87
58199Crake, AfricanAfrikaanse RiethaanCrecopsis egregia        ✔ 3.27
59203Crake, BlackSwartriethaanAmaurornis flavirostris62.65522017-12-0235.7152017-11-14  ✔ 33.18
60198Crake, CornKwartelkoningCrex crex        ✔ 1.87
61200Crake, StripedGestreepte RiethaanAenigmatolimnas marginalis        ✔ 0.47
62214Crane, Grey CrownedMahemBalearica regulorum        ✔ 3.74
63215Crane, WattledLelkraanvoelBugeranus carunculatus        ✔ 1.40
64532Creeper, SpottedBoomkruiperSalpornis spilonotus46.99392017-12-0214.2922013-10-0522013-09-01✔ 9.81
65621Crombec, Long-billedBosveldstompstertSylvietta rufescens2.4122013-10-09     ✔ 14.95
66913Crombec, Red-facedRooiwangstompstertSylvietta whytii4.8242017-11-11     ✔ 2.34
67523Crow, CapeSwartkraaiCorvus capensis1.2012014-05-04     ✔ 28.04
68522Crow, PiedWitborskraaiCorvus albus95.18792017-12-0278.57112017-11-14  ✔ 86.45
69341Cuckoo, AfricanAfrikaanse KoekoekCuculus gularis26.51222017-11-1114.2922013-11-30  ✔ 5.14
70344Cuckoo, BlackSwartkoekoekCuculus clamosus1.2012015-04-05     ✔ 7.48
71340Cuckoo, CommonEuropese KoekoekCuculus canorus1.2012015-02-09     ✔ 1.40
72352Cuckoo, DiderickDiederikkieChrysococcyx caprius43.37362017-12-0214.2922017-02-05  ✔ 29.91
73346Cuckoo, Great SpottedGevlekte KoekoekClamator glandarius        ✔ 2.80
74348Cuckoo, JacobinBontnuwejaarsvoelClamator jacobinus4.8242017-12-01     ✔ 3.74
75351Cuckoo, Klaas'sMeitjieChrysococcyx klaas32.53272017-11-0514.2922016-07-31  ✔ 11.68
76347Cuckoo, Levaillant'sGestreepte NuwejaarsvoelClamator levaillantii18.07152017-01-26     ✔ 10.75
77343Cuckoo, Red-chestedPiet-my-vrouCuculus solitarius16.87142017-11-1121.4332017-11-14  ✔ 9.35
78513Cuckoo-shrike, BlackSwartkatakoeroeCampephaga flava59.04492017-12-0214.2922017-02-05  ✔ 20.56
79515Cuckoo-shrike, White-breastedWitborskatakoeroeCoracina pectoralis36.14302017-12-017.1412013-06-27  ✔ 15.89
8052Darter, AfricanSlanghalsvoelAnhinga rufa   7.1412013-11-30  ✔ 15.42
81315Dove, African MourningRooioogtortelduifStreptopelia decipiens        ✔ 0.47
82317Dove, LaughingRooiborsduifieStreptopelia senegalensis85.54712017-12-0242.8662017-02-05  ✔ 81.31
83318Dove, NamaquaNamakwaduifieOena capensis        ✔ 17.76
84314Dove, Red-eyedGrootringduifStreptopelia semitorquata86.75722017-12-0250.0072017-08-24  ✔ 73.83
85940Dove, RockTuinduifColumba livia16.87142016-02-067.1412013-06-27  ✔ 6.54
86517Drongo, Fork-tailedMikstertbyvangerDicrurus adsimilis96.39802017-12-0242.8662016-12-04  ✔ 58.41
8795Duck, African BlackSwarteendAnas sparsa19.28162017-12-02     ✔ 9.81
8891Duck, CombKnobbeleendSarkidiornis melanotos        ✔ 15.42
89101Duck, FulvousFluiteendDendrocygna bicolor        ✔ 0.93
90104Duck, White-backedWitrugeendThalassornis leuconotus        ✔ 7.94
91100Duck, White-facedNonnetjie-eendDendrocygna viduata12.05102017-12-017.1412013-11-30  ✔ 18.69
92138Eagle, Long-crestedLangkuifarendLophaetus occipitalis34.94292017-12-027.1412016-12-0442016-09-23✔ 3.74
93135Eagle, SteppeSteppe-arendAquila nipalensis        ✔ 0.47
94134Eagle, TawnyRoofarendAquila rapax        ✔ 1.87
95137Eagle, Wahlberg'sBruinarendAquila wahlbergi40.96342017-12-0221.4332017-02-05  ✔ 19.16
96368Eagle-owl, SpottedGevlekte OoruilBubo africanus7.2362017-01-217.1412013-06-27  ✔ 11.22
9761Egret, CattleVeereierBubulcus ibis55.42462017-12-0235.7152017-11-14  ✔ 58.88
9858Egret, GreatGrootwitreierEgretta alba        ✔ 7.48
9959Egret, LittleKleinwitreierEgretta garzetta1.2012017-12-01     ✔ 9.35
10060Egret, Yellow-billedGeelbekwitreierEgretta intermedia        ✔ 6.07
101601Eremomela, Burnt-neckedBruinkeelbossangerEremomela usticollis        ✔ 1.40
102602Eremomela, Green-cappedDonkerwangbossangerEremomela scotops66.27552017-12-0114.2922013-11-3012016-08-09✔ 23.36
103600Eremomela, Yellow-belliedGeelpensbossangerEremomela icteropygialis        ✔ 10.28
104119Falcon, AmurOostelike RooipootvalkFalco amurensis10.8492017-12-027.1412015-01-05  ✔ 9.81
105114Falcon, LannerEdelvalkFalco biarmicus2.4122017-12-01     ✔ 1.40
106113Falcon, PeregrineSwerfvalkFalco peregrinus1.2012013-10-01   12017-03-07✔ 2.80
107120Falcon, Red-footedWestelike RooipootvalkFalco vespertinus        ✔ 0.47
108854Finch, CuckooKoekoekvinkAnomalospiza imberbis2.4122016-02-06     ✔ 3.27
109789Finch, Scaly-featheredBaardmannetjieSporopipes squamifrons        ✔ 0.47
110835Firefinch, Jameson'sJamesonse VuurvinkieLagonosticta rhodopareia28.92242017-08-0514.2922016-08-21  ✔ 18.69
111837Firefinch, Red-billedRooibekvuurvinkieLagonosticta senegala34.94292017-12-0114.2922013-10-05  ✔ 19.16
112707Fiscal, Common (Southern)FiskaallaksmanLanius collaris12.05102015-11-297.1412013-10-05  ✔ 82.24
113149Fish-eagle, AfricanVisarendHaliaeetus vocifer27.71232017-12-0142.8662017-11-14  ✔ 5.61
114205Flufftail, Red-chestedRooiborsvleikuikenSarothrura rufa7.2362015-10-21     ✘ 0.00
115892Flufftail, Streaky-breastedStreepborsvleikuikenSarothrura boehmi        ✔ 0.93
116655Flycatcher, African DuskyDonkervlieevangerMuscicapa adusta        ✔ 1.40
117917Flycatcher, CollaredWithalsvlieievangerFicedula albicollis        ✔ 0.93
118662Flycatcher, PaleMuiskleurvlieevangerBradornis pallidus2.4122016-02-19     ✔ 4.67
119664Flycatcher, Southern BlackSwartvlieevangerMelaenornis pammelaina71.08592017-12-0135.7152016-07-31  ✔ 42.99
120654Flycatcher, SpottedEuropese VlieievangerMuscicapa striata10.8492017-12-01     ✔ 19.63
121173Francolin, CoquiSwempiePeliperdix coqui1.2012014-12-03     ✔ 4.21
122177Francolin, Shelley'sLaeveldpatrysScleroptila shelleyi        ✔ 0.47
123209Gallinule, Allen'sKleinkoningriethaanPorphyrio alleni1.2012017-12-02     ✘ 0.00
124339Go-away-bird, GreyKwêvoelCorythaixoides concolor53.01442017-12-0214.2922013-10-05  ✔ 20.56
12589Goose, EgyptianKolgansAlopochen aegyptiacus9.6482017-12-01     ✔ 27.10
12688Goose, Spur-wingedWildemakouPlectropterus gambensis        ✔ 6.54
127160Goshawk, AfricanAfrikaanse SperwerAccipiter tachiro3.6132017-04-02     ✔ 2.80
128163Goshawk, Dark ChantingDonkersingvalkMelierax metabates        ✔ 0.47
129162Goshawk, GabarKleinsingvalkMelierax gabar36.14302017-12-027.1412013-10-05  ✔ 7.94
130360Grass-owl, AfricanGrasuilTyto capensis        ✔ 1.87
1316Grebe, LittleKleindobbertjieTachybaptus ruficollis2.4122017-12-02     ✔ 23.83
132323Green-pigeon, AfricanPapegaaiduifTreron calvus3.6132017-12-027.1412013-10-05  ✔ 10.75
133263Greenshank, CommonGroenpootruiterTringa nebularia2.4122015-11-29     ✔ 3.74
134192Guineafowl, HelmetedGewone TarentaalNumida meleagris86.75722017-12-0235.7152017-02-0512015-01-09✔ 26.17
135288Gull, Grey-headedGryskopmeeuLarus cirrocephalus        ✔ 0.93
13672Hamerkop, HamerkopHamerkopScopus umbretta31.33262017-12-0114.2922017-11-1412017-06-13✔ 32.71
137171Harrier-Hawk, AfricanKaalwangvalkPolyboroides typus2.4122015-08-027.1412013-06-27  ✔ 8.41
138127Hawk, African CuckooKoekoekvalkAviceda cuculoides16.87142017-10-0114.2922017-11-14  ✔ 7.48
139131Hawk, BatVlermuisvalkMacheiramphus alcinus1.2012016-11-27   32016-03-12✔ 0.47
140141Hawk-eagle, AfricanGrootjagarendAquila spilogaster2.4122015-10-21     ✔ 6.54
141140Hawk-eagle, Ayres'sKleinjagarendAquila ayresii2.4122015-10-217.1412014-12-17  ✘ 0.00
142727Helmet-shrike, White-crestedWithelmlaksmanPrionops plumatus74.70622017-12-0242.8662017-02-0512013-09-01✔ 13.08
14355Heron, Black-headedSwartkopreierArdea melanocephala21.69182017-12-0221.4332017-08-24  ✔ 42.52
14456Heron, GoliathReusereierArdea goliath        ✔ 0.93
14563Heron, Green-backedGroenrugreierButorides striata        ✔ 0.93
14654Heron, GreyBloureierArdea cinerea8.4372017-12-01     ✔ 25.70
14757Heron, PurpleRooireierArdea purpurea14.46122017-12-01     ✔ 19.63
14862Heron, SquaccoRalreierArdeola ralloides3.6132017-11-0414.2922017-11-14  ✔ 1.87
149115Hobby, EurasianEuropese BoomvalkFalco subbuteo1.2012012-02-10     ✔ 6.54
150132Honey-buzzard, EuropeanWespediefPernis apivorus   7.1412013-10-05  ✘ 0.00
151443Honeybird, Brown-backedSkerpbekheuningvoelProdotiscus regulus15.66132017-09-03     ✘ 0.00
152444Honeybird, Green-backedDunbekheuningvoelProdotiscus zambesiae24.10202017-12-017.1412013-10-05  ✔ 2.34
153440Honeyguide, GreaterGrootheuningwyserIndicator indicator27.71232017-12-027.1412016-08-21  ✔ 9.35
154442Honeyguide, LesserKleinheuningwyserIndicator minor57.83482017-12-0235.7152017-02-05  ✔ 18.69
155418Hoopoe, AfricanHoephoepUpupa africana50.60422017-12-0121.4332017-02-05  ✔ 58.88
156424Hornbill, African GreyGrysneushoringvoelTockus nasutus40.96342017-12-027.1412013-11-30  ✔ 15.42
157426Hornbill, Southern Yellow-billedGeelbekneushoringvoelTockus leucomelas        ✔ 0.47
158507House-martin, CommonHuisswaelDelichon urbicum2.4122017-12-01     ✔ 2.34
159668Hyliota, SouthernMashonahyliotaHyliota australis39.76332017-11-1121.4332017-11-14  ✔ 7.94
16081Ibis, African SacredSkoorsteenveerThreskiornis aethiopicus26.51222017-12-0114.2922017-08-11  ✔ 22.90
16183Ibis, GlossyGlansibisPlegadis falcinellus        ✔ 4.21
16284Ibis, HadedaHadedaBostrychia hagedash        ✔ 0.93
163850Indigobird, PurpleWitpootblouvinkieVidua purpurascens1.2012017-05-01     ✔ 7.01
164851Indigobird, VillageStaalblouvinkieVidua chalybeata9.6482017-08-057.1412013-06-27  ✔ 5.61
165228Jacana, AfricanGrootlangtoonActophilornis africanus33.73282017-12-0235.7152017-11-14  ✔ 22.43
166229Jacana, LesserDwerglangtoonMicroparra capensis        ✔ 1.40
167122Kestrel, GreaterGrootrooivalkFalco rupicoloides        ✔ 1.40
168125Kestrel, LesserKleinrooivalkFalco naumanni        ✔ 0.47
169402Kingfisher, Brown-hoodedBruinkopvisvangerHalcyon albiventris63.86532017-12-0114.2922013-10-05  ✔ 17.76
170395Kingfisher, GiantReusevisvangerMegaceryle maximus4.8242017-02-057.1412017-02-05  ✔ 11.68
171401Kingfisher, Grey-headedGryskopvisvangerHalcyon leucocephala4.8242016-03-13     ✔ 10.28
172396Kingfisher, Half-collaredBlouvisvangerAlcedo semitorquata        ✔ 0.93
173397Kingfisher, MalachiteKuifkopvisvangerAlcedo cristata4.8242017-11-047.1412013-06-27  ✔ 12.15
174394Kingfisher, PiedBontvisvangerCeryle rudis12.05102017-11-04     ✔ 21.96
175403Kingfisher, StripedGestreepte VisvangerHalcyon chelicuti18.07152016-09-2514.2922013-11-30  ✔ 20.09
176399Kingfisher, WoodlandBosveldvisvangerHalcyon senegalensis1.2012015-04-05     ✘ 0.00
17714189Kite, BlackSwartwouMilvus migrans        ✔ 3.74
178130Kite, Black-shoulderedBlouvalkElanus caeruleus3.6132015-11-2914.2922016-07-31  ✔ 34.58
179129Kite, Yellow-billedGeelbekwouMilvus aegyptius2.4122017-12-01     ✔ 26.17
180247Lapwing, African WattledLelkiewietVanellus senegallus50.60422017-12-0235.7152017-11-14  ✔ 23.36
181245Lapwing, BlacksmithBontkiewietVanellus armatus        ✔ 14.02
182242Lapwing, CrownedKroonkiewietVanellus coronatus        ✔ 21.96
183468Lark, FlappetLaeveldklappertjieMirafra rufocinnamomea        ✔ 5.61
184488Lark, Red-cappedRooikoplewerikCalandrella cinerea        ✔ 1.87
185458Lark, Rufous-napedRooineklewerikMirafra africana18.07152017-12-01     ✔ 18.22
186845Locustfinch, LocustfinchRooivlerkkwartelvinkiePaludipasser locustella        ✔ 0.47
187703Longclaw, CapeOranjekeelkalkoentjieMacronyx capensis3.6132015-09-047.1412013-06-27  ✔ 14.49
188705Longclaw, Rosy-throatedRooskeelkalkoentjieMacronyx ameliae2.4122015-10-21     ✔ 4.21
189704Longclaw, Yellow-throatedGeelkeelkalkoentjieMacronyx croceus32.53272017-12-0214.2922016-07-31  ✔ 13.08
190823Mannikin, BronzeGewone FretSpermestes cucullatus63.86532017-12-0228.5742016-12-04  ✔ 69.16
191822Mannikin, MagpieDikbekfretSpermestes fringilloides        ✔ 0.47
192824Mannikin, Red-backedRooirugfretSpermestes bicolor6.0252017-01-12     ✔ 5.61
193167Marsh-harrier, AfricanAfrikaanse VleivalkCircus ranivorus        ✔ 3.27
194510Martin, BandedGebande OewerswaelRiparia cincta        ✔ 3.27
195509Martin, Brown-throatedAfrikaanse OewerswaelRiparia paludicola        ✔ 1.87
196506Martin, RockKransswaelHirundo fuligula        ✔ 7.01
197508Martin, SandEuropese OewerswaelRiparia riparia        ✔ 0.93
198803Masked-weaver, SouthernSwartkeelgeelvinkPloceus velatus86.75722017-12-0257.1482017-08-2412015-01-09✔ 64.95
199210Moorhen, CommonGrootwaterhoenderGallinula chloropus45.78382017-12-0250.0072017-11-14  ✔ 34.11
200211Moorhen, LesserKleinwaterhoenderGallinula angulata        ✔ 0.93
201392Mousebird, Red-facedRooiwangmuisvoelUrocolius indicus6.0252017-09-03     ✔ 56.07
202390Mousebird, SpeckledGevlekte MuisvoelColius striatus45.78382017-12-0228.5742017-02-05  ✘ 0.00
203637Neddicky, NeddickyNeddikkieCisticola fulvicapilla3.6132017-02-057.1412017-02-05  ✔ 19.16
20469Night-Heron, Black-crownedGewone NagreierNycticorax nycticorax        ✔ 10.28
20570Night-Heron, White-backedWitrugnagreierGorsachius leuconotus        ✔ 0.47
206371Nightjar, EuropeanEuropese NaguilCaprimulgus europaeus        ✔ 1.40
207373Nightjar, Fiery-neckedAfrikaanse NaguilCaprimulgus pectoralis16.87142017-12-01     ✔ 16.82
208374Nightjar, FreckledDonkernaguilCaprimulgus tristigma        ✔ 11.68
209377Nightjar, Pennant-wingedWimpelvlerknaguilMacrodipteryx vexillarius2.4122016-11-27     ✔ 8.88
210372Nightjar, Rufous-cheekedRooiwangnaguilCaprimulgus rufigena2.4122015-11-29     ✔ 1.40
211376Nightjar, Square-tailedLaeveldnaguilCaprimulgus fossii2.4122014-12-03     ✘ 0.00
21274Openbill, AfricanOopbekooievaarAnastomus lamelligerus        ✔ 0.47
213520Oriole, African GoldenAfrikaanse WielewaalOriolus auratus33.73282017-12-0114.2922013-11-3012013-09-01✔ 21.96
214521Oriole, Black-headedSwartkopwielewaalOriolus larvatus75.90632017-12-0228.5742016-12-04  ✔ 32.71
215519Oriole, Eurasian GoldenEuropese WielewaalOriolus oriolus3.6132014-12-03     ✔ 0.47
216172Osprey, OspreyVisvalkPandion haliaetus3.6132013-01-27     ✘ 0.00
217359Owl, BarnNonnetjie-uilTyto alba        ✔ 12.15
218361Owl, MarshVlei-uilAsio capensis        ✔ 5.61
219387Palm-swift, AfricanPalmwindswaelCypsiurus parvus83.13692017-12-0257.1482017-11-14  ✔ 68.22
220682Paradise-flycatcher, AfricanParadysvlieevangerTerpsiphone viridis56.63472017-12-0221.4332015-01-05  ✔ 40.65
221853Paradise-whydah, Broad-tailedBreiestertparadysvinkVidua obtusa1.2012015-02-01     ✘ 0.00
222852Paradise-whydah, Long-tailedGewone ParadysvinkVidua paradisaea        ✔ 2.34
2234132Parrot, Cape ParrotWoudpapegaaiPoicephalus robustus        ✔ 0.47
2241650Parrot, Grey-headed ParrotSavannepapegaaiPoicephalus fuscicollis        ✔ 0.47
225327Parrot, Meyer'sBosveldpapegaaiPoicephalus meyeri        ✔ 13.55
22642Pelican, Great WhiteWitpelikaanPelecanus onocrotalus        ✔ 0.93
227530Penduline-tit, GreyGryskapokvoelAnthoscopus caroli36.14302017-11-117.1412013-06-27  ✔ 12.62
228788Petronia, Yellow-throatedGeelvlekmossiePetronia superciliaris75.90632017-12-0121.4332016-07-31  ✔ 34.11
229311Pigeon, SpeckledKransduifColumba guinea        ✔ 3.74
230692Pipit, AfricanGewone KoesterAnthus cinnamomeus6.0252016-08-13     ✔ 3.74
231695Pipit, BuffyVaalkoesterAnthus vaalensis        ✔ 0.47
232696Pipit, StripedGestreepte KoesterAnthus lineiventris        ✔ 7.94
233698Pipit, TreeBoomkoesterAnthus trivialis   7.1412013-11-30  ✘ 0.00
234691Pipit, WoodBoskoesterAnthus nyassae        ✔ 5.61
235455Pitta, AfricanAngolapittaPitta angolensis        ✔ 0.47
236237Plover, Kittlitz'sGeelborsstrandkiewietCharadrius pecuarius        ✔ 0.93
237238Plover, Three-bandedDriebandstrandkiewietCharadrius tricollaris        ✔ 14.02
238102Pochard, SouthernBruineendNetta erythrophthalma      12013-06-02✔ 0.47
239649Prinia, Tawny-flankedBruinsylangstertjiePrinia subflava78.31652017-11-0521.4332017-11-14  ✔ 44.39
240712Puffback, Black-backedSneeubalDryoscopus cubla91.57762017-12-0242.8662017-11-1412015-01-09✔ 49.07
24192Pygmy-Goose, AfricanDwerggansNettapus auritus        ✔ 5.14
242398Pygmy-Kingfisher, AfricanDwergvisvangerIspidina picta1.2012014-05-04     ✔ 2.80
243830Pytilia, Green-wingedGewone MelbaPytilia melba4.8242017-10-01     ✔ 0.93
244190Quail, HarlequinBontkwartelCoturnix delegorguei        ✔ 0.93
245844Quailfinch, AfricanGewone KwartelvinkieOrtygospiza atricollis        ✔ 5.61
246805Quelea, Red-billedRooibekkweleaQuelea quelea10.8492015-03-087.1412013-06-27  ✔ 19.16
247524Raven, White-neckedWithalskraaiCorvus albicollis        ✔ 1.87
248606Reed-warbler, AfricanKleinrietsangerAcrocephalus baeticatus16.87142017-11-057.1412013-10-05  ✔ 1.40
249603Reed-warbler, GreatGrootrietsangerAcrocephalus arundinaceus3.6132017-01-02     ✔ 2.80
250580Robin-chat, White-browedHeuglinse JanfrederikCossypha heuglini73.49612017-12-0235.7152017-11-1412015-01-09✔ 52.80
251582Robin-chat, White-throatedWitkeeljanfrederikCossypha humeralis7.2362016-02-19     ✔ 23.36
252562Rock-thrush, MiomboAngolakliplysterMonticola angolensis13.25112017-11-057.1412016-12-04  ✔ 10.75
253416Roller, Broad-billedGeelbektroupantEurystomus glaucurus4.8242014-10-28     ✔ 6.54
254412Roller, EuropeanEuropese TroupantCoracias garrulus        ✔ 4.21
255413Roller, Lilac-breastedGewone TroupantCoracias caudatus4.8242017-11-04     ✔ 24.77
256415Roller, PurpleGroottroupantCoracias naevius1.2012015-05-09     ✔ 2.34
257414Roller, Racket-tailedKnopsterttroupantCoracias spatulatus        ✔ 0.47
258256Ruff, RuffKemphaanPhilomachus pugnax        ✔ 1.87
259609Rush-warbler, LittleKaapse VleisangerBradypterus baboecala69.88582017-12-0214.2922017-02-05  ✔ 18.69
260258Sandpiper, CommonGewone RuiterActitis hypoleucos        ✔ 9.35
261262Sandpiper, MarshMoerasruiterTringa stagnatilis        ✔ 1.87
262264Sandpiper, WoodBosruiterTringa glareola        ✔ 12.15
263512Saw-wing, EasternTropiese SaagvlerkswaelPsalidoprocne orientalis42.17352017-12-0228.5742017-08-24  ✔ 6.54
264421Scimitarbill, CommonSwartbekkakelaarRhinopomastus cyanomelas20.48172017-10-2214.2922016-12-04  ✔ 21.03
265363Scops-owl, AfricanSkopsuilOtus senegalensis        ✔ 0.93
266364Scops-owl, Southern White-facedWitwanguilPtilopsus granti        ✔ 1.87
267588Scrub-robin, White-browedGestreepte WipstertCercotrichas leucophrys55.42462017-12-0242.8662017-11-14  ✔ 22.43
268105Secretarybird, SecretarybirdSekretarisvoelSagittarius serpentarius        ✔ 0.93
269868Seedeater, Black-earedSwartoorkanarieCrithagra mennelli1.2012015-10-21     ✘ 0.00
270867Seedeater, Streaky-headedStreepkopkanarieCrithagra gularis54.22452017-10-2235.7152017-02-05  ✔ 47.66
271161Shikra, ShikraGebande SperwerAccipiter badius7.2362017-05-07     ✔ 11.68
272706Shrike, Lesser GreyGryslaksmanLanius minor        ✔ 0.47
273724Shrike, MagpieLangstertlaksmanCorvinella melanoleuca        ✔ 1.87
274708Shrike, Red-backedRooiruglaksmanLanius collurio7.2362017-04-027.1412017-11-14  ✔ 4.21
275730Shrike, Southern White-crownedKremetartlaksmanEurocephalus anguitimens        ✔ 0.47
276146Snake-eagle, Black-chestedSwartborsslangarendCircaetus pectoralis20.48172017-12-0121.4332014-12-1712015-01-09✔ 17.29
277145Snake-eagle, BrownBruinslangarendCircaetus cinereus6.0252016-02-19     ✔ 1.87
278250Snipe, AfricanAfrikaanse SnipGallinago nigripennis2.4122015-10-10     ✔ 13.08
279784Sparrow, HouseHuismossiePasser domesticus2.4122013-01-277.1412017-08-1122017-12-01✔ 39.72
2803852Sparrow, Northern Grey-headedWitkeelmossiePasser griseus        ✔ 20.09
2814142Sparrow, Southern Grey-headedGryskopmossiePasser diffusus30.12252017-11-0414.2922013-10-05  ✔ 20.09
282159Sparrowhawk, BlackSwartsperwerAccipiter melanoleucus13.25112017-12-017.1412013-06-27  ✔ 0.47
283158Sparrowhawk, LittleKleinsperwerAccipiter minullus6.0252015-05-297.1412014-12-17  ✔ 10.75
284157Sparrowhawk, OvamboOvambosperwerAccipiter ovampensis7.2362016-03-13     ✔ 2.34
28585Spoonbill, AfricanLepelaarPlatalea alba        ✔ 18.69
286183Spurfowl, NatalNatalse FisantPternistis natalensis53.01442017-11-057.1412013-06-27  ✘ 0.00
287185Spurfowl, Swainson'sBosveldfisantPternistis swainsonii9.6482017-08-05     ✔ 7.94
288737Starling, Cape GlossyKleinglansspreeuLamprotornis nitens        ✔ 3.74
289738Starling, Greater Blue-earedGroot-blouoorglansspreeuLamprotornis chalybaeus15.66132017-10-0114.2922013-10-05  ✔ 14.02
290739Starling, Miombo Blue-earedKlein-blouoorglansspreeuLamprotornis elisabeth71.08592017-12-0221.4332016-12-0412012-12-10✔ 16.82
291745Starling, Red-wingedRooivlerkspreeuOnychognathus morio2.4122017-01-20     ✔ 15.89
292736Starling, Violet-backedWitborsspreeuCinnyricinclus leucogaster42.17352017-12-0121.4332016-12-04  ✔ 27.57
293735Starling, WattledLelspreeuCreatophora cinerea        ✔ 2.34
294270Stilt, Black-wingedRooipootelsieHimantopus himantopus        ✔ 0.47
295253Stint, LittleKleinstrandloperCalidris minuta        ✔ 0.47
296576Stonechat, AfricanGewone BontrokkieSaxicola torquatus28.92242017-12-0214.2922016-07-31  ✔ 37.85
29778Stork, Abdim'sKleinswartooievaarCiconia abdimii34.94292017-12-0214.2922016-12-04  ✔ 26.17
29879Stork, BlackGrootswartooievaarCiconia nigra        ✔ 2.80
29973Stork, MarabouMaraboeLeptoptilos crumeniferus1.2012014-08-27   12012-11-29✘ 0.00
30075Stork, Saddle-billedSaalbekooievaarEphippiorhynchus senegalensis        ✔ 1.40
30180Stork, WhiteWitooievaarCiconia ciconia        ✔ 6.54
30276Stork, Yellow-billedNimmersatMycteria ibis1.2012017-12-01     ✔ 0.47
303772Sunbird, AmethystSwartsuikerbekkieChalcomitra amethystina80.72672017-12-0250.0072017-02-05  ✔ 39.25
304754Sunbird, CopperKopersuikerbekkieCinnyris cupreus9.6482017-08-05     ✔ 4.67
305759Sunbird, Miombo Double-collaredMiombo-rooibandsuikerbekkieCinnyris manoensis72.29602017-12-0128.5742016-08-21  ✔ 49.53
306756Sunbird, Purple-bandedPurperbandsuikerbekkieCinnyris bifasciatus1.2012015-05-09     ✔ 1.87
307774Sunbird, Scarlet-chestedRooiborssuikerbekkieChalcomitra senegalensis8.4372017-01-297.1412013-06-27  ✔ 26.17
308762Sunbird, VariableGeelpenssuikerbekkieCinnyris venustus65.06542017-12-0142.8662017-08-24  ✔ 37.85
309770Sunbird, Western Violet-backedBlousuikerbekkieAnthreptes longuemarei1.2012015-04-05     ✔ 0.47
310763Sunbird, White-belliedWitpenssuikerbekkieCinnyris talatala25.30212017-10-2214.2922016-08-21  ✔ 35.51
311493Swallow, BarnEuropese SwaelHirundo rustica19.28162017-12-017.1412013-10-05  ✔ 32.71
312502Swallow, Greater StripedGrootstreepswaelHirundo cucullata4.8242016-02-19     ✔ 2.80
313499Swallow, Grey-rumpedGryskruisswaelPseudhirundo griseopyga15.66132017-10-0114.2922017-08-24  ✔ 24.30
314503Swallow, Lesser StripedKleinstreepswaelHirundo abyssinica15.66132017-10-2214.2922013-10-05  ✔ 26.17
315498Swallow, Pearl-breastedPiA¿A½relborsswaelHirundo dimidiata   7.1412017-08-24  ✔ 0.47
316501Swallow, Red-breastedRooiborsswaelHirundo semirufa        ✔ 15.89
317495Swallow, White-throatedWitkeelswaelHirundo albigularis6.0252017-02-05     ✔ 4.21
318496Swallow, Wire-tailedDraadstertswaelHirundo smithii38.55322017-12-0214.2922013-10-05  ✔ 6.07
319604Swamp-warbler, LesserKaapse RietsangerAcrocephalus gracilirostris46.99392017-12-0114.2922016-07-31  ✔ 18.69
320208Swamphen, African PurpleGrootkoningriethaanPorphyrio madagascariensis7.2362017-11-047.1412013-06-27  ✔ 1.87
321378Swift, CommonEuropese WindswaelApus apus        ✔ 1.87
322385Swift, LittleKleinwindswaelApus affinis42.17352017-12-0121.4332015-01-05  ✔ 29.44
323383Swift, White-rumpedWitkruiswindswaelApus caffer12.05102017-12-01     ✔ 3.74
324715Tchagra, Black-crownedSwartkroontjagraTchagra senegalus81.93682017-12-0221.4332017-02-05  ✔ 33.18
325714Tchagra, Brown-crownedRooivlerktjagraTchagra australis4.8242017-11-11     ✔ 10.75
32697Teal, Red-billedRooibekeendAnas erythrorhyncha6.0252017-12-027.1412013-11-30  ✔ 13.55
327275Thick-knee, SpottedGewone DikkopBurhinus capensis        ✔ 4.21
328557Thrush, GroundscraperGevlekte LysterPsophocichla litsipsirupa6.0252017-07-09     ✔ 26.64
329552Thrush, KurrichaneRooibeklysterTurdus libonyanus91.57762017-12-0242.8662017-11-14  ✔ 60.75
330437Tinkerbird, Yellow-frontedGeelblestinkerPogoniulus chrysoconus75.90632017-12-0228.5742017-02-05  ✔ 28.97
331526Tit, MiomboMiombogrysmeesParus griseiventris48.19402017-12-017.1412013-06-2712012-12-10✔ 12.15
332527Tit, Southern BlackGewone SwartmeesParus niger3.6132014-05-10     ✔ 15.42
333393Trogon, NarinaBosloerieApaloderma narina        ✔ 0.93
334337Turaco, Purple-crestedBloukuifloerieGallirex porphyreolophus83.13692017-12-0221.4332017-02-05  ✔ 50.47
335316Turtle-dove, CapeGewone TortelduifStreptopelia capicola95.18792017-12-0242.8662017-02-05  ✔ 58.41
336107Vulture, White-backedWitrugaasvoelGyps africanus        ✔ 0.47
337685Wagtail, African PiedBontkwikkieMotacilla aguimp2.4122013-06-027.1412017-03-2412016-08-12✔ 14.95
338686Wagtail, CapeGewone KwikkieMotacilla capensis        ✔ 7.94
339688Wagtail, MountainBergkwikkieMotacilla clara        ✔ 0.47
340689Wagtail, YellowGeelkwikkieMotacilla flava        ✔ 1.87
341616Warbler, Broad-tailedBreiestertsangerSchoenicola brevirostris3.6132014-12-03     ✔ 0.47
342666Warbler, Dark-capped YellowGeelsangerChloropeta natalensis32.53272017-10-017.1412013-10-05  ✔ 19.16
343595Warbler, GardenTuinsangerSylvia borin        ✔ 2.80
344607Warbler, MarshEuropese RietsangerAcrocephalus palustris1.2012014-02-02     ✔ 0.93
345608Warbler, SedgeEuropese VleisangerAcrocephalus schoenobaenus        ✔ 3.27
346599Warbler, WillowHofsangerPhylloscopus trochilus37.35312017-11-1114.2922013-11-30  ✔ 23.83
347677Wattle-eye, Black-throatedBeloogbosbontrokkiePlatysteira peltata1.2012012-10-07     ✔ 1.40
348839Waxbill, BlueGewone BlousysieUraeginthus angolensis84.34702017-12-0164.2992017-11-1412015-01-09✔ 33.64
349843Waxbill, CommonRooibeksysieEstrilda astrild36.14302017-06-0414.2922013-10-05  ✔ 24.77
350838Waxbill, Orange-breastedRooiassieAmandava subflava15.66132017-01-2914.2922015-01-05  ✔ 14.95
351840Waxbill, Violet-earedKoningblousysieGranatina granatina        ✔ 11.22
352801Weaver, GoldenGoudwewerPloceus xanthops51.81432017-12-0214.2922015-01-05  ✔ 48.13
353793Weaver, Red-headedRooikopwewerAnaplectes rubriceps46.99392017-12-0221.4332016-08-21  ✔ 20.09
354791Weaver, SpectacledBrilwewerPloceus ocularis66.27552017-12-0121.4332017-02-05  ✔ 33.18
355804Weaver, Thick-billedDikbekwewerAmblyospiza albifrons34.94292017-12-027.1412013-10-05  ✔ 0.47
356797Weaver, VillageBontrugwewerPloceus cucullatus28.92242017-12-0214.2922017-11-14  ✔ 13.08
357568Wheatear, CappedHoeveldskaapwagterOenanthe pileata        ✔ 3.74
358777White-eye, African YellowGeelglasogieZosterops senegalensis83.13692017-12-0235.7152017-08-24  ✔ 47.20
359594Whitethroat, CommonWitkeelsangerSylvia communis1.2012017-04-02     ✔ 0.93
360846Whydah, Pin-tailedKoningrooibekkieVidua macroura22.89192017-12-0114.2922013-11-3012015-01-09✔ 23.36
361813Widowbird, Red-collaredRooikeelflapEuplectes ardens42.17352017-12-02     ✔ 25.23
362814Widowbird, White-wingedWitvlerkflapEuplectes albonotatus4.8242015-11-29     ✔ 2.80
363815Widowbird, Yellow-mantledGeelrugflapEuplectes macrourus14.46122017-12-01     ✔ 8.88
364321Wood-dove, Emerald-spottedGroenvlekduifieTurtur chalcospilos22.89192017-08-057.1412016-07-31  ✔ 15.89
365419Wood-hoopoe, GreenRooibekkakelaar Phoeniculus purpureus73.49612017-12-0228.5742017-02-05  ✔ 28.04
366362Wood-owl, AfricanBosuilStrix woodfordii        ✔ 0.93
367451Woodpecker, BeardedBaardspegDendropicos namaquus        ✔ 8.41
368446Woodpecker, Bennett'sBennettse SpegCampethera bennettii15.66132017-11-11     ✔ 4.67
369450Woodpecker, CardinalKardinaalspegDendropicos fuscescens66.27552017-12-0228.5742016-08-21  ✔ 32.24
370447Woodpecker, Golden-tailedGoudstertspegCampethera abingoni20.48172017-12-0121.4332016-12-04  ✔ 7.48
371615Wren-warbler, Stierling'sStierlingse SangerCalamonastes stierlingi18.07152017-12-0214.2922014-12-17  ✔ 23.36


Page served: 11 Dec 2017
design and systems by Michael Brooks
Animal Demography Unit
University of Cape Town